Incorrect loading of trucks may pose various hazards and risks. To reduce these hazards, it is critical to follow proper loading procedures, comply with weight limits, distribute the load evenly, properly secure the load, and regularly inspect the truck for any signs of damage or instability. Drivers should also be trained in safe loading practices and be aware of the potential risks associated with improper loading.
Some of the dangers caused by improper loading of trucks
Overloading: Loading a truck beyond its maximum weight capacity can cause undue stress on the vehicle’s tires, suspension and braking system. This increases the risk of tire punctures, brake failure, and loss of control while driving, which can lead to accidents.
Unbalanced Load: Uneven distribution of weight inside the truck can cause an unbalanced load. This can affect the vehicle’s stability and handling, especially during turns or sudden manoeuvres. An unbalanced load increases the likelihood of tipping or tripping, which can be extremely dangerous.
Shifting of the Load: If the load is not properly secured or loaded, it may shift during transportation. Changing the load can affect the stability of the truck and cause loss of control, especially during sudden stops or changes in direction. It may also cause the load to spill onto the road, posing a danger to other vehicles and pedestrians.
Reduced Visibility: Improperly loaded trucks can obstruct the driver’s view. Overloaded or improperly positioned cargo can obstruct the driver’s view through the rearview or side mirrors, making it difficult to see surrounding traffic or hazards. Limited visibility increases the risk of accidents, especially when changing lanes or reversing.
Structural Damage: Excessive or uneven loading can cause structural damage to the truck itself. Additional stress on the chassis, frame, and other components can lead to premature wear and tear, reducing the overall integrity of the vehicle. This can cause mechanical malfunctions and malfunctions, potentially causing accidents or delays.
Extra risks caused by the road factor
Apart from all these factors, there are extra risks created by the roads on the route. Trucks that are overloaded or loaded incorrectly have a much higher risk of accidents on these roads than other vehicles. For example, ditches on the road will increase the risk of an overloaded truck tipping over. Likewise, the risk of an accident will be much higher between a truck carrying the correct load entering a dangerous curve and a truck carrying the wrong load from two trucks carrying excessive loads.
Examples of extra risks that may be encountered on the road can be multiplied. Many factors such as muddy roads, bridges, tunnels or underpasses mean extra risk for incorrectly loaded trucks.